Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Federal And State Judicial System - 982 Words

The federal and state judicial systems are alike and different in numerous of ways. The federal and state judicial system have a difference in some of the laws and court system. There diference are in the jurisdiction and is mostly defined by the kind of cases that take place within the courtroom. State court consists of mainly what we consider as minor criminal activity such as traffic violations, family hearing and disputes, law suits, and robberies most of these are called misdemeanors. Lawsuits verses the United States is not allowed to be heared by the state courts that have certain laws established such as â€Å"criminal, antitrust, bankruptcy, patent, copyright, and some maritime cases† (Reuters, 2016). Federal court do not hear as many cases as the state do whereas it has to be listed in the Constitution and provided by Congress. â€Å"Federal court can only hear cases that’s within the United States party, conflict of the United States Constitution, citizens cases that so not exceed $75,000, and last but not least bankruptcy, copyright, and patent cases† (Neubauer, 2014). The state and federal courts are established differently whereas the state is established by a state that is within the city or the country and the federal is established under the United States Constitution to better resolve conflict. A way that both federal and court jurisdiction is alike because they both have jurisdiction. Eventhough the levels of the courts between state and federal can be differentShow MoreRelatedFederal And State Judicial System946 Words   |  4 Pagesframework. In the United States, the federal judicial system governs the nation and each individual state, and each state has authority over concerns that arise in its borders. The federal and state judicial systems use different processes to select court judges, and the judicial system hears cases based on varying criteria. The Two Global Judicial Frameworks Whether a court uses common law or civil law is ultimately determined by the court’s location. The United States and most territories formerlyRead MoreRoles Of Law And Courts In Today S Business Environment901 Words   |  4 Pagesmust abide by the federal and state courts and laws of this country. The judicial review is the doctrine under which legislative and executive actions are subject to review by the judiciary. This is an example of check and balances in a modern governmental system. Working on a federal installation (Tinker AFB) the industry has to follow both federal guidelines and laws. Federal and State Court Structure The differences between the two court structures: The United States Constitution is theRead MoreEssay about The Judicial Branch1512 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States government consists of three main branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. Within the contents of this essay, the judicial branch will be examined. The judicial branch of the United States government oversees justice throughout the country by expounding and applying laws by means of a court system.1 This system functions by hearing and determining the legality of such cases.2 Sitting at the top of the United States court system is the Supreme Court. The SupremeRead MoreThe Commercial Clause Of Interstate Business Transaction The Federal Government873 Words   |  4 Pagesinterstate business transaction the federal government. The law and courts establish standards that are acceptable in the business environment and the society. For example the guidelines regarding a contract between buyer and s eller enshrined in the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). The law also helps in resolving disputes between two business entities and between people and business entities. For example the case of Cipollone vs. Liggett Group, Inc. The legal system has much influence in the businessRead MoreThe Judicial Branch Of The United States Essay1681 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States government consists of three main branches: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. Within the contents of this essay, the judicial branch will be examined. The judicial branch of the United States government oversees justice throughout the country by expounding and applying laws by means of a court system.1 This system functions by hearing and determining the legality of such cases.2 Sitting at the top of the United States court system is the Supreme Court. The SupremeRead MoreCourt Systems1203 Words   |  5 PagesCourt System Introduction The purpose of this paper is to make the reader aware about the significance of the history of judicial system prevailing within the premises of United States. This paper intends to explore the Court System of United States. The major historical developments in the courts of United States will be discussed. Moreover, the rationale of the dual court system of the United States will be outlined. This paper will also explore the correlation between the historical developmentsRead MoreReview of Legal Systems Essay953 Words   |  4 PagesREVIEW OF LEGAL SYSTEMS The legal system is a system developed to control the operation of a country’s regulatory, governmental and judicial authority who they supervise and impose the laws and regulations of the country. The legal systems that I choose to briefly review is my home country’s and in particular the Greek (Hellenic) legal system compared to the legal system of the United States of America (USA). I choose the above systems due to their differences and one similarity that they have.Read MoreRole And Functions Essay875 Words   |  4 PagesFunctions of Law Within this writing assignment I intend to discuss the roles of law and courts in todays business environment, differentiate the federal court structure with your states court structure, discuss the concept of judicial review, and explain how laws or regulations affect my present industry. The role and function of law and the court system in today’s business environment is that of a mediator, peace keeper, and enforcer. â€Å"The roles of the judiciary are to (1) apply rules of law andRead MoreThe Supreme Court System Of The United States1069 Words   |  5 PagesFrom the origins of the United States as written in the U.S. Constitution, was framed a national system of government with 3 distinct branches: the judiciary, executive and legislative. The legislative branch makes the laws by statute. The judiciary interprets the law and the highest judiciary, the U.S. Supreme Court, is the preeminent and final elucidator of the law. The judiciary encompasses the federal court system, where the U.S. Supreme Court stands at the very top of the judiciary hierarchyRead MoreThe Constitutional Convention Of Philadelphia Essay1535 Words   |  7 Pagesdelegates of twelve states wrote the Constitution at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia during the summer of 17 87 and in 1788 the states ratified it. That gathering at Philadelphia’s Independence Hall brought nearly all of the nation’s most prominent men together, including Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison and George Washington. Several of the men appointed had records of service in the army and in the courts and others were experienced in colonial and state government. When

Monday, May 18, 2020

Why Is Ice Blue (Or Does It Just Look that Way)

Glacier ice and frozen lakes appear blue, yet icicles and ice from your freezer appear clear. Why is ice blue? The quick answer is that its because water absorbs other colors of the spectrum, so the one thats reflected back to your eyes is blue. To understand why, you need to understand how light interacts with water and ice. Key Takeaways: Why Ice Is Blue Ice appears blue because water is intrinsically turquoise blue.The color of ice deepens with increasing thickness and purity.Ice that appears white often contains a lot of air bubbles, cracks, or suspended solids. Why Water and Ice Are Blue In both its liquid and solid form, water (H2O) molecules absorb red and yellow light, so the reflected light is blue. The oxygen-hydrogen bond (O-H bond) stretch in response to incoming energy from light, absorbing energy in the red part of the spectrum. Absorbed energy causes water molecules to vibrate, which can lead water to absorb orange, yellow, and green light. Short wavelength blue light and violet light remain. Glacier ice appears more turquoise than blue because hydrogen bonding within ice shifts the absorption spectrum of ice to a lower energy, making it more green than liquid water. Snow and ice that contains bubbles or lots of fractures appears white because the grains and facets scatter light back toward the viewer rather than allow it to penetrate the water. While clear ice cubes or icicles may be free of the gases that scatter light, they appear colorless rather than blue. Why? Its because the color is too pale a blue for you to register the color. Think of like the color of tea. Tea in a cup is darkly colored, but if you splash a small amount onto the counter, the liquid is pale. It take a lot of water to produce a noticeable color. The more dense the water molecules or the longer the path through them, the more red photons are absorbed, leaving light that is mostly blue. Glacial Blue Ice Glacial ice starts out as white snow. As more snow falls, the layers below it become compressed, forming a glacier. Pressure squeezes out the air bubbles and imperfections, forming large ice crystals that permit light transmission. The top layer of a glacier may appear white either from snowfall or from fractures and weathering of the ice. The glacier face may appear white where its weathered or where light reflects off the surface. A Misconception About Why Ice Is Blue Some people think ice is blue for the same reason as the sky is blue —Â  Rayleigh scattering. Rayleigh scattering occurs when light is scattered by particles smaller than the wavelength of the radiation. Water and ice are blue because water molecules selectively absorb the red part of the visible spectrum, not because the molecules scatter the other wavelengths. In effect, ice appears blue because it is blue. See Blue Ice For Yourself While you may not get a chance to observe a glacier firsthand, one way to make blue ice is to repeatedly poke a stick down into snow to compress the flakes. If you have enough snow, you can build an igloo. When you sit inside, youll see the blue color. You can also see blue ice if you cut a block of ice from a clean frozen lake or pond. Source Braun, Charles L.; Sergei N. Smirnov (1993). Why is water blue?. J. Chem. Educ. 70 (8): 612. doi:10.1021/ed070p612

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Obesity And The Western Diet - 1776 Words

The basis of our being is cellular, with nutrition being one necessity a cell needs to function. Nutrition comes from the food we consume where it is digested and broken down into simple nutrients. Each food having a different nutritional value. Is the diet we, as American’s, consume nutritionally filled? What role does a typical western diet play in relationship to the diseases we treat in healthcare today? In going back to the diet of our ancestors, consuming a Paleolithic diet, also known as a caveman or stone-age diet decreases the amount of chronic inflammation one has, thereby reducing risk factors for major diseases we treat in healthcare today. You are what you eat. Food is fuel; a necessity for human existence. As human beings have progressed, industrialized, and revolutionized, what we ingest has followed suit. This food progression has been termed the western diet. It consists of high fat, sugar, refined starches, oil, nonhuman mammal milk including their products, and beans. Alongside the western diet, western diseases have emerged: cardiovascular heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and some cancers (Frassetto, Schloetter, Mietus-Synder, Morris, Sebastian, 2009). A common denominator of all of these diseases, centered on metabolic syndrome, is a chronic state of systemic low-level inflammation (Ruiz-Nunez, Pruimboom, Dijick-Brouwer, Muskiet, 2013). In the Paleolithic diet refined grains, nonhuman milk, milk’s associated products, sugar, and beansShow MoreRelatedThe Western Diet Essay1158 Words   |  5 PagesThe Western Diet mainly consists of fried foods, refined grains, sugar, high carbohydrate and fats, and meats (3). It has been hypothesized that having a Western Diet increases one’s chances for developing depression. There has been a great deal of research into why the western diet increase’s one chance of having depression. A common sense reason maybe that the Western Diet consisted of large amounts carbohydrates, fats and sugars which promotes obesity and then causes depression (1). More scientificRead More`` Escape From The Western Diet By Michael Pollan Essay1641 Words   |  7 PagesThere are more ways to shun obesity. Michael Pollan, who wrote â€Å"Escape from the western diet†, claims that the fast food industry is one of the main reasons why people struggle with their health. He believes that the processed food we consume gives us harmful deceases. Pollan urges us to listen to his words to avoid the western diet, he preaches that we should start eating healthier and to put more time and effort when it comes to buying food. Pollan provides u s with his rules as well and claimsRead MoreFood Is A Necessity And Without Food We Wouldn’T Be Able1345 Words   |  6 Pagesand Prevention (CDC), more than one-third of Americans have obesity (Adult Obesity Facts). One of the major reasons causing obesity is a poor diet, what some call, the Western Diet. In Michael Pollan’s article â€Å"Escape from the Western Diet†, he argues that people should give up the western diet. Pollan reaffirms to readers, that those who indulge in the ways of the western diet are prone to a variety of chronic diseases. The western diet, he argues, is not good and should be put to an end. As PollanRead MoreObesity Is A Rising Epidemic Throughout The United States Of America1638 Words   |  7 PagesObesity is a rising epidemic throughout the United States of America. In many cases, people that are obese tend to develop type 2 diabetes, because the pressure of being obese affects the body’s ability to properly use insulin an d control blood sugar levels. In many studies, a hypocaloric, or reduced-calorie, diet is suggested as the main solution to the obesity problem. However, throughout these studies there have been contradictions about the impact of dietary iron on obesity-induced insulin resistanceRead MoreDo Western Diets and Lifestyle Negatively Affect People’s Health?1489 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Do Western Diets and Lifestyle Negatively Affect People’s Health? Western diets and lifestyle have become more and more popular in many countries all over the world, because western countries are more developed and people think western diets and lifestyle are healthy to people. It is a common knowledge that health includes three aspects: physical health, mental health, and social well-being health, not just without any disease. Western diets refer to the food as red meat, sugary desserts and drinksRead MoreCauses Of Obesity In Western Countries1251 Words   |  6 Pages Obesity in Western Countries: Causes and Implications Over the past two-decades obesity has risenn at an alarming rate globally and now is reaching epidemic proportions in the western and industrialized countries†¦ USA. Obesity prevalence in the United states is among the highest globaly as its obesity rate is projected to climb from today’s 30-40% today to a shocking 70% in 20301 . In particular, childhood obesity exhibited the highest growth rate today, tripling the percentage of children overRead MoreHow Junk Food Can End Obesity1175 Words   |  5 PagesFast food eateries are one of the main, if not the primary, reason behind obesity in the United States. Fast food, what many people for the most part view as a speedy approach to get some nourishment, is really killing a large number of individuals than you may suspect. In this current time, nearly everybody realizes that fast food isn t especially the best thing for you to eat, yet that won t verge on preventing us from eating it. Diverse things play a component with re spect to why we as a wholeRead MoreAnalysis of the Western Diet and Michael Pollan ´s Point of View on the Subject1037 Words   |  4 PagesNorth America and raises questions regarding Western diet, which is mostly comprised of refined sugar and high fructose corn syrup and corn in general. He reiterates that chemically generated food is creating disease in North Americans; If we eliminate these factors and adopt the eating habits of less industrialized places in the world will we in our lifetime see rates of heart disease, type two diabetes and obesity decline dramatically? The western diet has evolved drastically in the last sixty yearsRead MoreAnalysis Of Fast Food By Michael Pollan1134 Words   |  5 PagesPollan expresses his views on what the Western diet is and how Americans need to escape from it. To the author, a type of American diet consists of an excessive amount of fast food and how it can lead to obesity and illnesses. Pollan expresses how he disagrees with the die t and states that both food and health industries are partially to blame for this. Pollan gives his opinion on the food industry, medical community and his own ideas on how to escape this diet. I agree with Michael Pollan’s viewsRead MoreFood and Nutrition Essay1466 Words   |  6 Pagesmost essential elements to being healthy and living a long life. People deal with food every day, and food has been a part of life since the beginning of civilization. What we eat becomes our diet, and our diet plays a major role in deciding how healthy we are and how well our body functions. Without proper diet, our body cannot carry out the functions it needs to perform. Most people have some common knowledge on what is good and what is bad for the human body to consume. Fruits, vegetables, nuts,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Residential School Legacy - 1002 Words

A Residential School Legacy From the late 1800s to the 1980s, more than 100,000 First Nations children in Canada attended residential schools (Llewellyn, 2008, p. 258).2 To attend these schools, children were taken away from their families and communities. At the schools, the children suffered from emotional, physical, sexual and spiritual abuse (Steckley amp; Cummins, 2001, p. 191). The worst abuses were often used as punishment for speaking their indigenous languages (Petten, 2007, p. 22). The imposition of residential schools on First Nations children has led to significant loss of indigenous languages, and this language loss has led to further cultural losses for traditional First Nations cultures in Canada. 2 APA style requires†¦show more content†¦Besides damaging family and community relationships, the loss of indigenous languages also distanced many First Nations people from their traditional belief systems. One common belief among First Nations traditional cultures is that â€Å"all of life is spiritual: everything that exists, animals, plants, people, rocks, the sun and stars have elements of sacredness† (Rajotte, 1998, p. 21). This suggests that aboriginal peoples’ connection to nature is crucial to their A RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL LEGACY 4 A. Robinson amp; J. Robinson / 2009 (revised March 2010) Sample Essay APA Style WR4.35 spirituality. Aboriginal spirituality is passed on orally by elders through myths and rituals. Without knowledge of their traditional languages, young people could not learn about the spiritual beliefs of their people. This spirituality was all encompassing, affecting not only their thoughts about the spirit world but also their knowledge of places, plants and animals and traditional skills such as fishing, trapping, and tanning (Blair et al., 2002, p. 96). As Steckley and Cummins have pointed out, without access to the elders’ knowledge of nature, young people lost access to the beliefs and practices their people had developed over thousands of years (2001, p. 17). Therefore, the loss of language led to the loss of traditional spiritual beliefs andShow MoreRelatedThe Legacy Of Residential Schools1849 Words   |  8 PagesThe legacy that residential schools left behind in Canada was not a positive one. Residential schools, up until the day that the last one closed in 1996, were supported and funded by the Canadian government. The aboriginals who attended these schools were treated unethically, and, as a result, the Aboriginals had many bitter feelings of resentment towards everyone else living in Canada. The immoral treatment of the First Nations people by the Canadian government severely impacted relations betw eenRead MoreResidential Schools, a Legacy of Shame2808 Words   |  12 Pagessub-humans; savages with no religion, intelligence, or right to live. This general idea has carried through-out the history of our supposedly great country; Canada. This essay will examine the residential school system in depth. It will then relate the Canadian Government s actions in response to residential schools, good and bad. From the late nineteenth century until well into the twentieth century, the Government of Canada worked vigorously to enforce their legislative war against Indianness.Read MoreDevelopment Of The Residential School System1740 Words   |  7 Pages: A quote from Aggie George recalling of her experience in the Lejac Indian Residential School (Legacy of Hope Foundation, 2001). In the 1880s all the way to the 1990’s roughly 150,000 aboriginal children where removed from their communities and homes to attend the residential school system set up by the government and operated by the Christian churches (Government of Canada, 2015). The purpose of these residential schools was to isolate Aboriginal children from their families and assimilate themRead MoreThe Treaty Of The Treaties With The First Nations Post Royal Proclamation Of 17631259 Words   |  6 Pageseligible to receive specific benefits. The purpose of Canada s residential schools was to assimilate First Nation peoples into mainstream Canadian Society, like the Indian Act. The Residential Schools damaged First Nation people because it disconnected the children from their history, language, family, and culture. Residential Schools taught children that their culture wasn t worth preserving. Some legacies of Residential Schools include alcoholism, poverty, and increased chances of becoming aRead MoreWhere The Blood Mixes Character Analysis1330 Words   |  6 PagesKevin Loring casts light on the rippling effects of the trauma caused by residential schools on generations of Indigenous peoples in the twenty first century. Lorings play, which is set in the twenty first century, illuminates the present-day legacy of residential schools and residential school survivors. Loring strives not to minimize the experiences of residential school survivors, but to reconstruct how residential school survivors are viewed and represent ed. Loring achieves this task throughRead MoreThe Indian Residential School System1531 Words   |  7 PagesFirst Nation children were forced to attend Indian residential schools dating back to the 1870’s and spanned many decades with the final school closing in 1996. These educational institutions were government funded and church run by Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, United and Anglican denominations (Truth and Reconciliation Commission, n.d.). There were 139 schools where more than 150 000 First Nations children attended. The children of these schools were mentally, physically, emotionally and sexuallyRead MoreModern Day Society : The Legacies Of Historical Globalization1253 Words   |  6 PagesModern day society is built from legacies of historical globalization. It should be recognized that some legacies were not the most positive, and that every legacy of historical globalization affects us today. It has been heavily debated that to what extent should we dwell on t he legacies of historical globalization. Some people believe that it is necessary to dwell on events of the past. Yet others say that it is the past, and our current society functions normally without it. While contemporaryRead MoreThe Truth And Reconciliation Commission ( Trc )1536 Words   |  7 Pageswere forcibly removed from their communities, and sent to Indian residential schools. Generation after generation of indigenous children were denied the right to speak their own language, explore spirituality and to learn about their rich cultural history. These schools were designed to assimilate indigenous children into the society of the European settlers. It was under that system that Aboriginal children were required to attend schools that would ‘take the Indian out of the child,’ in hopes to solveRead MoreOut Of The Depths Shines A Light On Residential Schools1395 Words   |  6 PagesIsabelle Knockwood’s novel Out of The Depths shines a light on Residenti al Schools in Canada through the first hand accounts of twenty-seven survivors who attended the Shubenacadie Indian Residential School. Although Knockwood’s compilation of accounts are all from students of one residential school, the treatments and experiences echo the sentiments of students and authors over a much greater area. The affects of Residential Schools have had a lasting impact, affecting communities and individualRead MoreHistorical Globalization Essay685 Words   |  3 Pageslanguages, family, freedom, and dignity. Like the Rwanda incidents, Apartheid Law in South Africa and the incidents in Residential Schools in Canada. Although those things had happened, they still survive and right now is rebuilding and moving forward to not let it happen again with the little help of NGOs. In my opinion, Contemporary society has done enough to respond to the legacies of historical globalization. Moving forward and start making a better future is the only answer for those horrible events

The Silver Linings Playbook Chapter 23 Free Essays

The â€Å"Pat† Box By 11:00 p.m. my mother has not returned home, and I start to worry because every night at 10:45 p. We will write a custom essay sample on The Silver Linings Playbook Chapter 23 or any similar topic only for you Order Now m. I’m supposed to take pills that help me sleep. It isn’t like Mom to foul up my medication schedule. I knock on my parents’ bedroom door. When no one answers, I push the door open. My father is sleeping with the small bedroom television on. The blue glow makes his skin look alien – he sort of looks like a big fish in a lit aquarium, only without gills, scales, and fins. I walk over to my dad and shake his shoulder lightly. â€Å"Dad?† I shake him a little harder. â€Å"Dad?† â€Å"Whaddya want?† he says without opening his eyes. He is lying on his side, and the left side of his mouth is smashed into the pillow. â€Å"Mom’s not home yet. I’m worried.† He doesn’t say anything. â€Å"Where is she?† Still, he does not say anything. â€Å"I’m worried about Mom. Do you think we should call the police?† I wait for a reply, but only hear my father snoring softly. After turning off the television, I leave my parents’ bedroom and go downstairs to the kitchen. I tell myself if Dad isn’t worried, I shouldn’t be either. But I know it isn’t like Mom to leave me alone without telling me where she will be, especially without talking to me about my medications. I open the kitchen cabinet and take out the eight bottles of pills that all have my name printed on the labels. So many long, depressing drug names are on the labels as well, but I only know the pills by their colors, so I open all the lids and look for what I need. Two white-and-reds for sleeping, and also a green one with a yellow stripe, but I do not know what the green one with a yellow stripe does. Maybe antianxiety? I take all three pills because I want to sleep, and also, I know that is what Mom would want me to do. Maybe Mom is testing me. Since my father talked down to her earlier today, I really want to please Mom even more than on regular days, although I am not sure why. I lie in bed wondering where Mom could be. I want to call her cell phone, but I don’t know the number. Maybe she had a car accident? Maybe she had a stroke or a heart attack? But then I think a police officer or a hospital doctor would have called us by now if any of those things had happened, because she would certainly have her credit cards and license on her. Maybe she got lost while driving? But then she would have used her cell phone to call home and would have told us she was running late. Maybe she got sick of Dad and me and ran away? I think about this and realize that excluding the times when she teases me about Tiffany being â€Å"my friend,† I haven’t seen my mother laugh or smile in a very long time – in fact, if I really think about it, I often see Mom crying or looking like she is about to cry. Maybe she got sick of keeping track of my pills? Maybe I forgot to flush one morning and Mom found some of my pills in the toilet and is now mad at me for hiding pills under my tongue? Maybe I have failed to appreciate Mom just like I failed to appreciate Nikki, and now God is taking Mom away from me too? Maybe Mom is never coming home again and – Just as I start to feel seriously anxious, as if I might need to bang the heel of my hand against my forehead, I hear a car pull into the driveway. When I look out the window, I see Mom’s red sedan. I run down the stairs. I’m out the door before she even reaches the back porch. â€Å"Mom?† I say. â€Å"Is-jus-me,† she says through the shadows in the driveway. â€Å"Where were you?† â€Å"Out.† When she enters into the white circle cast from the outside light, she looks like she might fall backward, so I run down the steps and give her a hand, bracing her shoulders with my arm. Her head is sort of wobbly, but she manages to look me in the eyes; she squints and says, â€Å"Nikki-sa-fool t’ave let you getta-way.† Her mentioning Nikki makes me feel even more anxious, especially what she said about my getting away, because I have not gotten away and would be more than willing to go back to Nikki now or whenever, and it was me who was the fool, never appreciating Nikki for what she was – all of which Mother knows so well. But I can smell the alcohol on her breath; I hear her slurring her words, and I realize it’s probably just the alcohol talking nonsense. Mom does not usually drink, but tonight she is obviously drunk, and this also makes me worry. I help her into the house and sit her down on the couch in the family room. Within minutes she’s passed out cold. It would be a bad idea to put my drunk mother in bed with my sulking father, so I put an arm under her shoulders and another arm under her knees, lift her up, and carry her to my bedroom. Mom is small and light, so it is not hard for me to carry her up the stairs. I get her into my bed, take off her shoes, throw the comforter over her body, and then go to get a glass of water from the kitchen. Back upstairs, I find a bottle of Tylenol and tap out two white pills. I pick my mother’s head up, get her into a seated position, shake her lightly until she opens her eyes, and tell her to take the pills along with the glass of water. At first she says, â€Å"Jus lemme sleep,† but I know from college days just how much this pre-bed water and headache medicine can reduce the morning hangover. Finally my mother takes the pills, drinks half a glass of water, and is back asleep in no time at all. I watch her rest for a few minutes, and I think she still looks pretty, that I really do love my mom. I wonder where she went to drink – with whom she drank and what she drank – but really I am only happy that she is home safe. I try not to think about her downing drinks at some depressing bar, with middle-aged men all around. I try not to think about Mom bad-mouthing my father to one of her girlfriends and then driving home drunk. But it’s all I can think about: how my mother is being driven to drink – how I’m driving my mother to drink, and my father isn’t helping much either. After grabbing my framed picture of Nikki, I climb the stairs to the attic, set Nikki up next to my pillow, and get into my sleeping bag. I leave the lights on so I can fall asleep looking at Nikki’s freckled nose, which is exactly what I do. When I open my eyes, Kenny G is standing over me, his legs bridging my body, a foot on either side of my chest; the sexy synthesizer chords are softly lighting the darkness. The last time Mr. G visited my parents’ attic flashes through my head – my father kicking and punching me, my father threatening to send me back to the bad place – so I close my eyes, hum a single note, and silently count to ten, blanking my mind. But Kenny G is undaunted. The soprano sax enters Mr. G’s lips once more and â€Å"Songbird† takes flight. I keep my eyes closed, hum a single note, and silently count to ten, blanking my mind, but he continues to blow his horn. The little white scar above my right eyebrow starts to burn and itch as the melody flutters toward climax. Desperately, I want to pound the heel of my hand against my forehead, but instead I keep my eyes closed, hum a single note, and silently count to ten, blanking my mind. Just when Kenny G’s smooth jazz seems unconquerable – Seven, eight, nine, ten. Suddenly silence. When I open my eyes, I see Nikki’s still face, her freckled nose – I kiss the glass, feeling so relieved that Kenny G has stopped playing. I exit my sleeping bag, look all around the attic – moving a few dusty boxes and other items, searching behind hanging rows of out-of-season clothes – and Mr. G is gone. â€Å"I’ve defeated him,† I whisper. â€Å"He didn’t make me punch my forehead, and – â€Å" I see a box marked â€Å"Pat† and begin to experience that bad feeling I sometimes get just before something unpleasant is about to happen. It feels as though I have to go to the bathroom very badly, even though I know I don’t. The box is at the far end of the attic. It was hidden under a braided rug I moved when I was searching for Kenny G. I have to navigate my way back through the mess I made during my search, but soon I reach the box. I flip open the flaps at the top, and my Collingswood High School soccer jacket is on top. I take it out of the box and hold the dusty thing up. The jacket looks so small. I’d rip the yellow leather sleeves off if I tried it on now, I think, and then set the relic down on another nearby box. When I next look into the â€Å"Pat† box, I am shocked and scared into rearranging the attic so it looks exactly how it was before I began searching for Mr. G. When the attic is restored, I lie in my sleeping bag, feeling as if I am in a dream. Several times during the night I get up, move the braided rug, and look in the â€Å"Pat† box again, just to make sure I had not hallucinated before. Every time, the contents condemn Mom and make me feel betrayed. How to cite The Silver Linings Playbook Chapter 23, Essay examples

Critical Analysis Leadership of Project Management Plan

Question: Discuss about the Critical Analysis Leadership of Project Management Plan. Answer: Introduction: This particular report has been prepared with a motive to analyse the project management that has been undertaken by Willoughby Council, Community Housing Ltd in partnership with The Association to Resource Cooperative Housing which is located in Barton Rd, Artarmon. This project has been undertaken in order to provide affordable housing to the people who cannot afford quality place to live in. The project has been undertaken in the area of New South Wales which is located Australia. The particular report has been structured with an introduction at first and after that, a project background has been provided in order to understand the organizations which have undertaken the project and also what the organizations does. The project will also focus on the issues that why it has been undertaken and also what is the location of the project. The main audiences of the project are defined, i.e. the main stakeholders of the organizations and what are the benefits of them continuing with the project (Collins, 2011). It will also be discussed that what information the stakeholders need from the project and also how the stakeholders will use the plan of the project. In addition to that, the alternative plans for the project management will also be discussed. Then the contents of the project management plan will also be examined which will provide the critical investigation of the most important sections of the project management plan. In the end a brief conclusion and recommendation will be provided according to the structure of the project management plan. Project Background: The project background states that there are two organizations that came together in order to work together in this project which is located in New South Wales. The main motive behind the preparation of this project is to provide affordable housing to the people of New South Wales who are unable to afford quality housing for lack of money. So, this project will help people with less money to afford housing in New South Wales with quality homes in order to provide them with superior living. Mainly two organizations came together in order to complete the project which is Willoughby Council, Community Housing Ltd and The Association to Resource Cooperative Housing located in Barton Rd, Artarmon. They are working in partnership in order to accomplish the project work. Community Housing Ltd. is a company which exceeds the need of the people by fulfilling their housing needs and they also follow Australian National Community Housing Standards by fulfilling the need of the people. They also maintain minimum quality standard in order to exceed the customer expectation (Schurter and Towers, 2006). Willoughby Council also provides affordable housing to the people who are living well below the poverty line and help them to afford quality homes in fewer prices. The Association to Resource Cooperative Housing is the resourcing organization which provides resources to the housing co-operations in order to build quality hoes in New South Wales. The project is taken up by three companies in order to provide the people living below the poverty line with quality homes to live in and the main location of the project is being selected as New South Wales. Audience and structure of the Project Management Plan: Main Audience of Project Management Plan, their need, how the plan will be used and the information needed: The main audience of the project management plan is intended for the stakeholders of the organizations (Friedman and Miles, 2006). The organization stakeholders are the main audience who contributes towards the project and also a number of information is needed to be provided to them in order to make them understand about the project and there are also various other need for the information to various stakeholders of the organization. The main audiences of the project and their need to know the information and why they need the information are discussed below: Customers: The customers or the one who will afford the houses are the main stakeholders of the organization. The people who are living below the poverty line are the customers of the organization because they will afford the houses that will be built in the New South Wales under this project. The customers will require information like what are the prices of the house, how many rooms will be provided to them, what is the drainage system that are being provided, the wall paints etc (Freeman and Phillips, 2010). Though there is much information that the customers will want to know, but the main information that they will want to know is that what will be the price of the houses and also the number of rooms that will be provided to them. Government: The government is the main stakeholder of this project because they will provide the funding of the project. There is various information that the government will want to know from the three companies which are working on the project. Firstly, the government will want to know about all the resources of the project that will be used in order to start the project (Keijzers, 2005). The resources are of various types and they include the budget of the project, i.e. the amount of money that the government needs to give out to the companies working on the project (Hoe, 2009). Also the government will require the information like how much time will be needed to complete the project and what are the machineries that the companies working on the project will require. The government should also be informed about the place of the project where it will be done and the tender should be approved by the government in order to carry on with the project. Service Providers: The provider of the services or the ones who will build affordable houses for the local people will need information from the part of the government and also from the part of the customers or end users. The information that the service providers need from the government is that whether the exact amount of money is being tendered by the government of the country in order to continue with the project or not (Rovers and Klinckenberg, 2008). The service providers should also get the information that whether the government has approved the place of the project where the project is to be built. From the part of the customers, the service providers should get the information like what are the criteria of the houses that they are going to build. At what prices the customers will be able to afford the house, number of rooms the customers require in each house etc. Employees: The employees of the service providers are another stakeholder and they need to know about the plans of the housing and they should also be informed that what is the plan for doing the job. The employees should get the information from the service providers that how they will perform their job on daily routine basis and what is the plan of the project. Suppliers: The suppliers are the ones who will be providing the raw materials and the machineries to the service providers or the organization who are performing the main project (Roberts, 2012). The suppliers need information timely in order to supply raw materials for building the affordable homes. They should get the information before time in order to supply the raw materials to the service providers and their employees, so that there is no idle time in the workplace. Alternatives that exists to Project Management Plan: After the analysis of the project management plan, it can be known that the project management plan is not clearly stated and there are various things that can be added to plan of the project management. Now, seeing the project management plan from the view of the traditional project management, it can be said that according to the PMBOK, there are various details that can be added to the structure of the project management plan. First of all, as we can see there are no details of the finance or funding that was provided. So, in the project management plan, the details of the funding that will be required in the project can be mentioned (Patel, 2008). Also, the human resource that will be required in the work can be mentioned. By human resource it is meant that all the employees who will be required to accomplish the project work can be mentioned. Apart from that various other resources that will be required in order to accomplish the project can also be mentioned. The machineries ar e very important in order to accomplish the housing project (Mehta, 2007). So, it has to be mentioned that what machineries are to be used in the process of achieving the whole project. Also the time is a very useful resource in these kinds of projects and the works in project management cannot run without the time estimation. Time estimation for each work can also be done in the plan of the project management in order to achieve the work in estimated amount of time. In order to make a project successful there are various things that are needed to be planned and they are scheduling of the time, availability of the resources, scope of the project, project modification etc. So, these things are to be kept in mind while planning the project and these modifications can be made in the project plan in order to achieve the project in a timely manner. Project Management Plan Contents It has been observed that a typical project management plan generally consists of various components that include the project integration management, the project scope management, project time management, project cost management, project quality management, project human resource management, project continuations management, project risk management and project procurement management (David et al., 2006). On the basis of the above aspects when the New South Wales project Plan is analyzed it is observed that the project plan clearly indicates the exact date of commencement of the project and also puts forward the fact that the entire project would require a time period of two years within which the project would be accomplished. On the other hand it also states the fact that the project completion might also vary due to complications that might arise during the project that might the delay the completion of the project (Field and Keller, 2008). So, it can be said that the project manag ement plan has clearly indicated the scope of the project in order to clearly communicate to the stakehpdlers about the time duration. In addition to the above aspects, it is also important that a project plan should be characterized with a definite millstone planning process that mainly focuses upon identifying the key project objectives and the millstones. The different milestones that are set for the project emphasizes upon defining a state or condition that the project should occupy in order to meet the final objective (Martin, 2002). This milestone planning process tends to form a powerful method with the help of which a project can be structured and also it also provides a framework that proves to be beneficial in reporting the progress of the project. In this context, the particular project i.e. the New South Wales Project Plan even though has talked about providing and implementing a new framework for the initiation and completion of the project, it does not clearly points out the exact milestones that need to be covered for successful completion of the project. Resource is looked upon to be the most important component of a project and so it becomes important that the resource planning should be done efficiently so that the project is adequately funded and it is facilitated with all the necessary resources like human resources and materials and equipments that can prove to be beneficial in accomplishing the project (Morgen Witzel, 2003). Thus, effective resource plan is important in this context. So, the project management team should emphasize upon clearly identifying and quantifying all the resources that are deemed necessary for successful delivery of the project. The important aspects include the internal manpower that emphasizes upon identifying the materials, project management and procurement and here it is better the conduct the process in the activity planning stage rather than simply estimating the things (Rose, 2008). It also involves the external resources that emphasizes upon detailing any resources that are required and not pr esent within the concept that include the specialist skills, approval bodies and the details of the supplier. Again, it also takes care of the tools and equipment that strive towards providing the details of the development equipment and also provides the detail of the organization that is responsible for facilitating the project with the equipment and the list of suppliers if the materials are supplied externally. Moreover this aspect of the project also tends to provide the details of the training requirements, the supplier training and candidate for training (Harrison Dennis, 2004). In this context analysis of the present New South Wales Project Plan reveals the fact that it does not provide many details of the resources that has been utilized for the project. It provides no information in context to the human resource requirement, the external suppliers and the materials that need to be procured. So, in this context it can be said that the project management plan of the housing project that has been undertaken fails in providing a clear details of the project specifications and so it would have been beneficial if the traditional project management plan should have been adopted (Kerzner, 2007). On the other this traditional method would have facilitated in preparing the project plan with clear details of each and every aspect of the project that need to be clearly mentioned in order to ensure that the stakeholders are aware of the every details of the project that has been undertaken that would smoothened the progress of the undertaken project. Another most important aspect of the project management plan is the risk and contingency analysis process. This is mainly because of the fact that analysis of the risk inherent in the project is looked upon to be an important aspect of effective project planning and it is conducted in order to effectively identify almost all the critical areas of risk and then on the basis of the areas develop procedures and contingency plans for the minimization of the impact of strategic and conditional risks (Lock, 2010). The contingency analysis also facilitates in examining the risks that poses threat to the critical success factors of the undertaken project and it then rank the issue to the focus management effort and develop the responses and finally it leads to the development of a risk matrix that clearly all the risks that has been identified and then rank those risks in terms of its impact on the project and the probability of the occurrence of the risks. Thus, identifying the potential ri sks and its impact and probability of occurrence proves to be beneficial on the part of the project management to design and develop strategies so that the identified risks can be mitigated if not eliminated in order to reduce its impact on the project and ensure the projects success. So, on the basis of the above aspects when the project under consideration was analyzed it was observed that the project management plan has not mentioned about the risks that need to be managed or how it has identified that risks that might appear during the project (Heerkens, 2007). So, this clearly indicates the fact that project management plan has not been properly structured and is also not informative in order to fetch its stakeholders with the information about what are the potential risks that might occur during the project and how these identified risks can be easily mitigated through the development of effective strategies (, 2015). Thus, on the basis of the above discussions and aspects, it can be said that the project management plan i.e. the New South Wales project Plan even though in some aspects has emphasized upon following the traditional and required project structure, it has failed in most of the aspects like it does not provide required details of the resources that are required for the project, the suppliers that would be involved, external and internal supplies that need to be incorporated in the project and most importantly the plan lacks the risk identification and planning. Conclusion Analysis of the New South Wales Project Plan revealed the fact that the provided project plan does not conform to the theories and the concepts that are available in the literature and the traditional project management plan structure that is generally followed. The concerned project management plan do not provide any specific details of the project that include the resource requirements, the suppliers, procurement, project evaluation and training, procurement and risk assessment and contingency plan (Maylor, 2010). So, it becomes obvious that the project plan has failed in critically mentioning the critical success factors that need to be emphasized upon before and during the commencement of the project. Again, analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the project plan, it can be said that the project pan has clearly men tinned the details of the project that has been undertaken, the time period within which the project need to be completed, and the required funding for the project. However the weaknesses of the project plan can be elaborated as it does not conform to the project management plan theory and the traditional approach to project management that clearly tends to indicate all the details of the project plan like risk analysis, resource analysis and others. Recommendations The projects management plan is developed and structured in order to provide details of the project and the activities that are involved in the project together with providing clear ideas of what are the aspects that need more focus. These aspects are efficiently dealt with in order to ensure the fact that project is completed efficiently within time and within the required scope so that all the objectives of the project are successful achieved. So, it becomes important for the individuals responsible for developing the project management plan to clearly indicate the project scope, project background, the project deliverables, the milestone, the resources required involving a details of each and every resource that contributes to the success of the project (Collins, 2011). Moreover, it should provide details of the areas that can pose threat to the successful completion of the project and also provide a plan and strategies that can easily handle and manage the identified risks that c an contribute towards the successful achievement of the objectives of the project. Moreover, in this context, for the concerned project plan i.e. the New South Wales Project Plan, it is strongly recommended that it should emphasize upon adopting the traditional PMBOK approach towards project management plan that would prove to be beneficial for the project to provide each and every details of the project in a structured manner (Tachikawa, 2013). References Collins, R. (2011).Project management. 1st ed. New York: Nova Science Publishers. David I., Roland G. (2006). Global project management handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2006. ISBN 0071460454. Pp.1-4. (2015).New South Wales Project Plan. [online] Available at: [Accessed 21 Jan. 2017]. Field, M. and Keller, L. (2008).Project management. 3rd ed. London: International Thomson Business Press. Freeman, R. and Phillips, R. (2010).Stakeholders. 1st ed. Cheltenham [u.a.]: Edward Elgar. Friedman, A. and Miles, S. (2006).Stakeholders. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Harrison F. L., Dennis L., (2004). Advanced project management: a structured approach . Gower Publishing, Ltd., 2004. ISBN 0566078228. p.34. Heerkens, G. (2007).Project management. 1st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Hoe, S. (2009).Resources. 1st ed. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Gareth Stevens Pub. Keijzers, G. (2005).Business, government, and sustainable development. 1st ed. London: Routledge. Kerzner, H. (2007).Project management. 1st ed. New York: John Wiley. Lock, D. (2010).Project management. 2nd ed. Martin S. (2002). Project Management Pathways. Association for Project Management. APM Publishing Limited, 2002 Maylor, H. (2010).Project management. 1st ed. Harlow, England: Financial Times Prentice Hall. Mehta, R. (2007).Project management. 1st ed. Jaipur: Aavishkar Publishers. Morgen W.,(2003). Fifty key figures in management . Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0415369770. Pp. 96-101. Patel, V. (2008).Project management. 1st ed. Jaipur, India: Oxford Book Co. Roberts, P. (2012).Strategic project management. 1st ed. London: Kogan Page. Rose, K. (2008). Construction extension to the PMBOK Guide-Third edition.Project Management Journal, 39(1), pp.98-98. Rovers, R. and Klinckenberg, F. (2008).Sustainable housing projects. 1st ed. Amsterdam: Techne Press. Schurter, T. and Towers, S. (2006).Customer expectation management. 1st ed. Tampa, Fla.: Meghan-Kiffer Press. TACHIKAWA, Y., MARUYAMA, H. and NAKAMURA, T. (2013). Project Management Education Using PMBOK Simulator.Journal of JSEE, 61(5), pp.5_22-5_27.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Project Charter free essay sample

Mission/ Purpose What is your project going to accomplish? How does this project relate to overall goals and objectives of the company? It is part of a program or larger project? Our Summer Reading and Activity project for the Small World Daycare will accomplish many things. It will increase summer enrollment. It will also provide a safe and educational place for the children of our community as well as surrounding communities during the summer vacation. It relates to the overall goals of the daycare by instilling a love of reading at an early age, providing education and a safe place to go while parents or guardians are at work or otherwise occupied. It also provides positive role models for our youth. This project will help to enhance and improve the daycare! SOW What will this project create? What is the product of the project? At a high level, how do you plan on doing the work of the project? What are the high-level deliverables for this project? It will create a Summer special for the daycare. We will write a custom essay sample on Project Charter or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Children of working parents often need care for younger children during the summer months. This program creates an option for these parents. The product is an educational program that keeps the minds of school aged youth active during the summer months. Not only does the product create a safe haven for those children with working parents or those who need care for any reason throughout the summer months but it also inspires creativity and engages the imagination while keeping the brain active through arts and crafts and reading. Objectives What objectives, if any, of the company is this project designed to meet? The objective is to become more involved within the community, while using community funded businesses, such as the local library and local park, to continue a sense of learning even through the summer months. Business Need Why should we do this project? The purpose behind our Summer program for Small World Daycare is to increase revenue while providing a safe and educational place for youth on summer vacation. What will be gained, changed, or modified? Small World Daycare will be gaining new customers, increasing their revenue, creating a new option for parents during the summer months and changing the idea of a lazy summer into a more fun and creative one. Is there a financial or business reason to do this project? The program will increase revenue at the daycare by appealing to a new base of customers while using cost effective supplies and free library services. This area should contain any feasibility studies, NPV, PI, PB, or PBD used to advance the project. Project Manager and Stakeholders Who will lead this project? Amanda Price Who are the major stakeholders? Small World Daycare, the youth involved, parents, guardians and the community Milestones What are the key milestone dates associated with the project? Week 1- Focus on weekly cost of program, advertisement of summer program and deadline announcements Create arts and crafts calendar and take inventory of in house books (research age appropriate and cost efficient arts and crafts online) Create field trip permission slips for local library as well as local park Contact local library to discuss field trips and library cards for the youth Create a colorful spreadsheet for the children to keep up with their reading achievements (printable version to be printed as needed) Create an incentive chart based on number of books read per child (to be used with advertisements as well) Discuss party/graduation ceremony associated with highest level of incentive chart Week 2- Estimate response by current customers as well as new additions Use this macro estimate to create a budget for material cost associated with arts and crafts materials Week 3- Host a registration night on Friday evening and Saturday morning (as this should provide a convenient time for all working parents) Order necessary materials for Weeks 1 and 2 of arts and crafts projects Week 4- Advertise late registration for the program, which begins on Monday of Week 5 Divide participants into smaller groups by age (group numbers dependent upon registration numbers) Budget What is the order-of-magnitude budget for this project? The program alone will consist of 12 weeks. The cost of the program alone (not associated with costs that are already incurred by the daycare, such as food, insurance, van payment, building payment, etc) is roughly estimated at $3000 for the duration of the program. This will cover arts and crafts supplies, 1-2 additional part-time staff members, fuel for field trips, incentives and advertisements. User Acceptance Criteria/Quality What are the minimum success criteria as defined by the key stakeholders? Since this is the pilot year for the program, the minimum success criteria is to create awareness for the program for upcoming years. High-Level Project Assumptions What are the assumptions on which the project is based? 1. Parents or guardians are in need of summer care for their school aged children 2. Resources will be readily available for the program 3. Funding is available 4. Enough staffing is available High-Level Project Constraints What are the major limiting factors that affect the project? 1. Space may be limited dependent upon participation numbers 2. Funding will not be available (again based on participation) 3. Staff will not cooperate Exclusions and Boundaries What are the boundaries of the project? What is to be included and what is to be excluded from the project? 1. The boundaries will include: The magnitude of the arts and crafts projects. The time limitations for those participating in just the summer program The additional cost. 2. The project will include: A calendar of events for reading, field trips and arts and crafts. The events will be all inclusive, in that the children will not be required to bring anything but themselves. The project will exclude: Custom made schedules, in that one price will cover the program per week. Even if your child will only be able to attend 4 out of 5 days, the same price will be applied to hold that spot. Major Risks What are the major risks affecting the project? 1. This is the pilot year 2. Possibility of activities being more detailed than they appeared 3. Cost estimate being too low 4. Not having enough resources KEY STAKEHOLDERS Project Manager Authority Level Amanda Price Project Core Team Susan Hodges Scottie Chatman Angela Bello Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) (include company and channel designations if applicable) APPROVALS Type Name Signature Date Project Manager Approval: Amanda Price 9/15/2013 Customer/Sponsor Approval: Statement of participations: Amanda Price (PM)- Amanda contributed to the project by agreeing to be Project manager, contributing the project idea, attending a meeting via Live chat, answering questions for the Project Charter and typing the Project Charter for submission. Susan Hodges contributed to the project by providing computer support for Amanda via text and email (Amanda was new to the Live process), attending a meeting via Live chat, answering questions for the Project Charter and compiling a list of names and contact information for submission. Scottie Chatman contributed to the project by attending a meeting via Live chat, answering questions for the Project Charter and reviewing the required submission requirements to ensure that everything was submitted correctly.